There are four main types of cotton plant varieties. These types are differentiated depending on their quality and where they are grown. These four varieties of the cotton plants are discussed below macrame from Ravenox .
- Gossypium hirsutum– it is the most produced cotton worldwide it comprises of around 90% of the total world production. Its main dominant production area is the Central America and around the Caribbean Sea. It’s commonly known throughout the world because it can grow in any climate but mostly gives higher yielding in medium climatic conditions. It produces short fibers. Its quality is a bit low as it only produces short textile fibers as compared to those that produce long fibers. It is also bushy in nature though short as compared to Gossypium arboreum.
- Gossypium barbadense– it consist of long fibers that produce softer and smooth textiles. It only accounts for the 8% of the world’s production and is more expensive as compared to Gossypium hirsutum. It is mainly native in South America and other parts of the world that experiences relatively cool climates and most probably in upland places. It’s of a relatively high quality than all the other types of cotton plant varieties due to its vibrancy and finer textures. They make the strongest fabric clothes and cotton structures. It also has a low trash percent area as compared to all other types. It is used to make Giza 45 cotton fabric which is considered as the best and soft cotton in the world.
- Gossypium arboreum– it is the oldest type of cotton which was mainly grown in the old world. This type grows on larger bushes as compared to other types of cotton varieties which grow as relatively shorter bushes. This cotton is sometimes considered as trees because of their long heights and wide spread of branches. It is not that much produced and consists of only 2% of the world’s production.
- Gossypium herbaceum– It is also called the Levant cotton. This type of cotton is mainly present in Africa and Arabia but due to trade, it has also been adapted in other parts of the world such as Australia. Due to its limited availability, it also consists of only 2% of the total worlds production and usage. It does well in hot climate and is highly resistant to drought as compared to other cotton plant varieties. It’s majorly found in the deserts of Egypt and is mainly grown through irrigation from the waters from River Nile. Some of this type also grows a wild perennial shrub in the African shrubs.
To sum up, cotton varieties are sorted due to their native production areas and also the climatic conditions that they excel in. alternatively, the quality of their fabric produce makes it easier when choosing the best variety.